Title image Xylocopa grubaueri Friese, 1903 (Male, Nturalis, Leiden)

Welcome to BeeAXylo Specimen Database Based on the Asian Carpentaer Bees !

Japanese page is here

BeeAXylo is a specimen database of Asian carpenter bees preserved in various institutes and museums in the world. The genus Xylocopa is composed of about 500 large bee species distributed worldwide. About 170 are from Asia. They play an important role as pollinators of tropical forests like stingless bees do in tropical Asia. BeeAXylo was constructed to provide basic information for future analysis by the Environment Research and Technology Development Fund (S-9-2(8)) of the Ministry of the Environment, Japan. At this time the specimen data preserved at the Netherlands Centre for Biodiversity Naturalis in Leiden and the Natural History Museum in London are opened to the public.

The total number of specimens of the BeeAXylo at present is 6332 (December 10, 2015). Each record consists of 23 items according to a format of the Darwin Core of the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF), such as scientific name, country, collecting locality, collecting date, collector, etc.

The BeeAXylo is managed by a text database management system SIGMA.

The BeeAXylo file is supported by the Environment Research and Technology Development Fund (S-9-2(8)) of the Ministry of the Environment, Japan (Head Investigator: Osamu Tadauchi) and a Grant-in-Aid for Publication of Scientific Research Results (Head Investigator: Osamu Tadauchi) from the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science. The use of data in this database is free of charge if the objective is academic study or educational purposes.

Items of Data

Data and Tags are the Following 23 items.
2. (DATE)Date Last Modified
3. (INST)Institution Code
4.(COLC) Collection Code
5. (NAME)Scientific Name
6. (BR) Basis of Record
7. (KING)Kingdom
8. (PHY) Phylum
9. (CL) Class
10.(OR) Order
11.(FAM) Family
12.(GEN) Genus
13.(SP) Species
14.(AU) Scientific Name Author
15.(COL) Collector
16.(COLD) Collecting Date
17.(C) Country
18.(LOC) Locality
19.(LONG) Longitude
20.(LAT) Latitude
21.(SEX) Sex
22.(REL) Relationship Type
23.(NOTE) Notes

Example of a record

Box A-1
Date Last Modified 2012/2/29
Institution Code Naturalis
Collection Code BeeAXylo
Scientific Name Xylocopa (Hoplaxylocopa) acutipennis Smith
Basis of Record S
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Arthropoda
Class Insecta
Order Hymenoptera
Family Apidae
Genus Xylocopa
Species acutipennis
Scientific Name Author Smith, 1854
Collector H. M. Pendlebury
Collecting Date 27/03/1922
Country Thailand
Locality Nakon Sri Tamtrat, Khao Luang, 5800 ft.
Longitude N 17 4' 11''
Latitude E 99 10' 9''
Sex F
Relationship Type  
Notes Naturalis

Publications, Manuals and Explanations

  Tadauchi, O., C. Hirosawa, H. Inoue, T. Sugimoto, R. Murao, N. Takahashi, S. Sato, K. Mitai and Y. Hara, 2009. Specimen database AIIC, Asian insect information center database, based on types and normal specimens collected in Asia and the Pacific Area, Part 1. Esakia, (49): 1-5.


The data of the bee specimens on the BeeAXylo database were accumulated with the cooperation of Naturalis Biodiversity Center in Leiden and the Natural History Museum in London. We are thankful to Dr. C. van Achterberg (Naturalis), Collection Manager (Hymenoptera) Frederique Bakker (Naturalis), and Collection Manager (Hymenoptera) David Notton (NHM) for their assistance.

Copyright Notice

Entomology Database Project Group (Head: O. Tadauchi, Editors: R. Murao, N. Takahashi, System administrator: H. Inoue, F. Kamitomo) holds the copyright on the entomology database BeeAXylo.

Inquiries and Comments

Inquiries and Comments about BeeAXylo Should be the Following E-mail Address.

Database BeeAXylo (Osamu Tadauchi, Satoshi Kamitani)
Entomological Laboratory,
Faculty of Agriculture,
Kyushu University
Fukuoka, 812-8581
E-mail: tadauchi@kyudai.jp
E-mail: kamitani@agr.kyushu-u.ac.jp