Title image Anicetus beneficus Ishii et Yasumatsu, 1954 female fore wing

Welcome to Image Database TOBIKOBACHI Based on the Encyrtid Wasp Collection of Dr. T. Tachikawa !

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Encyrtid wasps are important in biological control, making a parasitic attackon the eggs, larvae, and pupae of various insects and ticks, especially on scale insects that are injurious to agriculture and forestry (Tachikawa, 1963).

The image database file TOBIKOBACHI (= Encyrtid wasps in Japanese) is a species information database based mainly on the Japanese encyrtid wasp collection of Dr. Tetsusaburo Tachikawa, and includes images. Each record comprised of 16 items as follows: scientific names (family, genus and species), Japanese name, distribution data, type locality, type depository, source of the original description, synonymy, flying season, host records, parasites, references, notes and images. The images include various parts of the body, such as the general habitus, head, antenna, mandible, thorax, fore and wind wings, gaster, genitalia, etc.

The TOBIKOBACHI is managed by a text database management system SIGMA.

The TOBIKOBACHI file is supported by a Grant-in-Aid for Publication of Scientific Research Results (Head Investigator: Osamu Tadauchi) and a Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research(A) (Head Investigator: Masami Takagi) from the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science.

The use of data in this database is free of charge if the objective is academic study or educational purposes.

Items of Data

Data and Tags are the Following 16 items.

1. (FTAX) family (scientific name, including subfamily name)
2. (GTAX) genus (scientific name, including subgenus name)
3. (STAX) species (scientific name, including subspecies)
4. (JTAX) Japanese name
5. (DST) distribution (Japan inland; overseas)
6. (TYPE) type (sex)
7. (TYPEL) type locality
8. (TYPED) depository of the type
9. (DESC) source of the original description
10. (SYN) synonymy
11. (FLY) flying season
12. (HOST) hosts
13. (PAR) parasites
14. (REF) references
15. (NOTE) remarks
16. (IMG) images

Example of a record

(FTAX) Encyrtidae Encyrtinae, Mirini
(GTAX) Anicetus
(STAX) beneficus Ishii et Yasumatsu, 1954
(JTAX) Rubi--akayadori-tobikobachi
(DST) Japan (HONSHU, SHIKOKU, KYUSHU); China, India
(TYPE) Female
(DESC) Anicetus beneficus Ishii & Yasumatsu, Mushi, 27 (10): 70-74 (female & male).
(SYN) Anicetus annulatus: Yasumatsu & Tachikawa (nec Timberlake), 1949, J. Fac. Agr., Kyushu Univ., 9: 102-113; Anicetus ceroplastis: Yasumatsu (nec Ishii), 1951, J. Fac. Agr., Kyushu Univ., 10: 2, 8; Anicetus ceroplastis: Yasumatsu (nec Ishii), 1953, Sci. Bull. Fac. Agr., Kyushu Univ., 14: 27; Anicetus ceroplastis: Miyamoto (nec Ishii), 1954, Kontyu, 20: 97.
(FLY) Two generations a year in Japan. First generation: late May to eraly July; 2nd generation: mid August to mid October.
(HOST) Ceroplastes rubens Maskell (Rubi--rou-kaigaramushi in Japanese)
(REF) Ishii & Yasumatsu, 1954, Mushi: 27: 69-74; Tachikawa, 1955, Jpn. J. Appl. Zool., 20: 173; Yasumatsu & Yamamoto, 1955, Sci. Bull. Fac. Agr., Kyushu Univ., 15: 187; Yasumatsu, 1958, Proc. 10th Internat. Congr. Ent., 4: 771; Tachikawa, 1958, Mushi, 32: 77; Tachikawa. 1963, Mem. Ehime Univ., VI, 9: 126-129.
(NOTE) It is renowned as the highly effective parasite of the wax scale, Ceroplastes rubens Maskell in Japan. The commercial control of this scale in Japan was achieved by the working of this species. The reproduction is bisexual, the sex ratio is about 1:1. Unmated females produce only male progeny. More detailed biology: See Yasumatsu (1958).
(IMG) male female
general habitus
fore wing
general habitus
fore wing
hind wing

Publications, Manuals and Explanations

Copyright Notice

Entomology Database Project Group (Head: O. Tadauchi, Editors: Y. Higashiura, C. Mitai & A. Dawut, System administrator: Hitoshi Inoue) holds the copyright on the entomology database TOBIKOBACHI.

Inquiries and Comments

Inquiries and Comments about TOBIKOBACHI Should be the Following E-mail Address.

Database TOBIKOBACHI (Osamu Tadauchi)
Entomological Laboratory,
Faculty of Agriculture,
Kyushu University
Fukuoka, 812-8581
E-mail: tadauchi@kyudai.jp